Cobra, Red-spitting


Naja pallida


Red spitting cobras are orange or red dorsally with a broad black throat band. They have a black mark below the eyes giving a tear drop appearance. The average length of a red spitting cobra is 2.5 to 4 feet. They have 21-27 scale rows on the midbody, 197-228 ventral scales, and 61-72 subcaudal scales.

Family

Elapidae

Order

Squamata

Class

Reptilia

Range

Egypt to northern Tanzania

Habitat

Dry savannas

Life Expectancy

Sexual Maturity

Diet

In the wild, this species feeds on amphibians, birds, and rodents.

Status

IUCN - Not Listed

Behaviors

Red spitting cobras are a mostly terrestrial species, but can occasionally be found in small trees and bushes. For protection, they will hide in brush, logs, or underground. Adults are nocturnal, while juveniles are diurnal. When threatened, the red spitting cobra will rear up, spread its hood, and sometimes spit venom at the intruder. They will squeeze the muscles around the venom gland, forcing venom to shoot out through the fangs. This can cause severe pain and potential blindness to the victim. The venom is a mixture of cytotoxins and neurotoxins.

Adaptions

Special Interests

Folklore

Conservation

Jacksonville Zoo History

Exhibit

Seronera Reptile House