Teal, Lesser Brazilian


Amazonetta brasiliensis brasiliensis


Adult length: 14.5 – 15.4 in (37 – 39 cm); adult weight: 12.3 – 17 oz (350 – 480 g); appearance & coloration: light brown in color. Drakes distinguish themselves from females in having red beaks and legs, and in having a distinctive pale grey area on the side of its head and neck. The color of these limbs is much duller in females.

Family

Anatidae

Order

Anseriformes

Class

Aves

Range

Eastern South America: Brazil, Suriname, Guyana, French Guiana, central Venezuela, eastern Colombia, and northeastern Peru

Habitat

Freshwater away from the coast with dense vegetation nearby

Life Expectancy

20 – 30 years

Sexual Maturity

1 – 2 years

Diet

In the wild, they eat seeds, fruits, roots and insects; in the Zoo, they are fed a scientifically developed, commercially available pelleted waterfowl diet with greens and insects.

Status

IUCN – Least Concern

Behaviors

Brazilian ducks live in pairs or in small groups of up to twenty birds. They can be found dabbling in shallow water as they forage. Breeding season varies with geographical location. Nesting has been observed September to October in Guyana. Solitary nests are mounds of vegetation, sometimes floating, in rushes or sedge hammocks surrounded by water. Occasionally, this teal will nest in tree hollows, abandoned nests of other birds in trees, and possibly on cliff sides. Females lay 6 – 8 eggs and incubate them for approximately 25 days. Both parents look after their hatchlings. Young fledge at 50 to 60 days. Pair bonds appear to be strong and possibly permanent.

Adaptions

Special Interests

The lesser Brazilian teal is the only duck in the genus Amazonetta. It was formerly considered a “perching duck”, but more recent analyses indicate that it belongs to a clade of South American dabbling ducks which also includes the Crested Duck, the Bronze-winged Duck, and possibly the steamer ducks.

Folklore

Conservation

This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion. The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion. The population size is very large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion. For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

Jacksonville Zoo History

Part of the Jacksonville Zoo’s animal inventory from 1969 to 1976 and 1988 to 1991, the lesser Brazilian teal was brought back again in 2003.

Exhibit

Ruzizi Streambank Exhibit