Hornbill, Wreathed


Rhyticeros undulatus


Wreathed Hornbills have specialized knobs on their beaks, which are called casques. The males have yellow throat skin and weigh up to eight pounds. Females have blue throat skin and weigh up to six pounds. Wreathed Hornbills grow to be approximately 30-35 inches in height.

Family

Bucerotidae

Order

Bucerotiformes

Class

Aves

Range

Southeast Asia, from Butan to Indonesia

Habitat

Forests

Life Expectancy

In the wild, up to 40 years. In captivity, up to 50 years.

Sexual Maturity

Diet

In the wild, mostly fruits.

Status

IUCN - Least Concern

Behaviors

Wreathed hornbills are a social species, often congregating in large flocks at feeding and breeding sites. They breed in monogamous pairs, often reusing nesting sites. Nests are built by both the male and female inside a hollowed out tree trunk. The female will then seal herself within the hollow using mud and leaving only a small slit open. For the next four months, she will rely on the male to feed her through this small opening. Females will lay one to three eggs, but typically only one survives. After hatching, the female will leave the nest and seal the chicks inside until they are ready to leave the nest.

Adaptions

Wreathed hornbills have "knobs" along their beaks called casques.

Special Interests

Folklore

Conservation

Jacksonville Zoo History

The Wreathed Hornbills arrived at the Jacksonville Zoo in 2013

Exhibit

Land of the Tiger