Hornbill, Wrinkled


Rhabdotorrhinus corrugatus


Male wrinkled hornbills have a black body, wings, crown, and back of neck. The front of neck and face are light yellow. The bill is a brighter yellow with a red base and red casque. The eyes are also red. Females also have a black body, head, face and neck. The bill is yellow with an orange base and casque. The facial skin is blue and the eyes are brown. Both sexes have blue-gray legs and feet. Females are smaller than males.

Family

Bucerotidae

Order

Bucerotiformes

Class

Aves

Range

Asia

Habitat

Primary evergreen and swamp forests

Life Expectancy

In the wild, it is believed that wrinkled hornbills live up to 20 to 30 years.

Sexual Maturity

5-6 years

Diet

In the wild, wrinkled hornbills feed primarily on fruits and occasionally small invertebrates. At the zoo they are fed a diet of apples, papayas, bananas, grapes, blueberries, pear, melon and cooked yams.

Status

IUCN - Near Threatened

Behaviors

Wrinkled hornbills are a relatively social species, found in flocks of up to thirty and in pairs while feeding. Like other hornbill species, wrinkled hornbills are monogamous. The monogamous pairs will return to the same nest site year after year. When nesting, the pair will build a nest in a hollowed out spot of a tree trunk. The female will then seal herself in using a mixture of mud, feathers, and food. The male feeds the female through a small slit during the incubation and brooding period. Females lay one to three eggs at a time. Incubation lasts approximately 30 days. After hatching, the female remains in the nest for up to four months brooding the chicks. After this period, the chicks will emerge with the female and forage with both parents.

Adaptions

Special Interests

Folklore

Conservation

The major threat to this species is habitat loss due to forest fires, logging, and land conversion.

Jacksonville Zoo History

The Wrinkled Hornbills arrived at the Jacksonville Zoo in 2013.

Exhibit

Land of the Tiger